The adenoma miss rate of blue-laser imaging vs. white-light imaging during colonoscopy: a randomized tandem trial. Shimoda R, Sakata Y, Fujise T, Yamanouchi K, Tsuruoka N, Hara M, Nakayama A, Yamaguchi D, Akutagawa T, Fujimoto K, Iwakiri R. Endoscopy. 2016 Nov 14. [Epub ahead of print]

Background and study aims: The aim of the present study was to determine whether blue-laser imaging (BLI) reduced the miss rate of colon adenomatous lesions compared with conventional white-light imaging (WLI). Patients and methods: This was a prospective randomized study of patients undergoing screening and/or surveillance colonoscopy at Saga Medical School, Japan.

A total of 127 patients were randomized to tandem colonoscopy with BLI followed by WLI (BLI-WLI group) or WLI followed by WLI (WLI-WLI group). The main outcome measure was the adenoma miss rate. Results: The proportion of patients with adenomatous lesions was 62.5 % (40 /64) in the BLI-WLI group and 63.5 % (40 /63) in the WLI-WLI group. The total number of adenomatous lesions detected in the first inspection of the BLI-WLI and WLI-WLI groups was 179 and 108, respectively, compared with 182 and 120 in the second inspection, respectively. The miss rate in the BLI-WLI group was (1.6 %), which was significantly less than that in the WLI-WLI group (10.0 %, P = 0.001). Conclusions: Colonoscopy using BLI resulted in a lower colon adenoma miss rate than WLI.

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