Gastrostomies Preserve but do not Increase Quality of Life for Patients and Caregivers.Kurien M, Andrews RE, Tattersall R, McAlindon ME, Wong EF, Johnston AJ, Hoeroldt B, Dear KL, Sanders DS. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2016 Nov 10 [Epub ahead of print]

BACKGROUND & AIMS:Gastrostomies are widely used to provide long-term enteral nutrition to patients with neurological conditions that affect swallowing (such as following a cerebrovascular accident or for patients with motor neuron disease) or with oropharyngeal malignancies.

The benefits derived from this intervention are uncertain for patients and caregivers. We conducted a prospective, multicenter cohort study to determine how gastrostomies affect health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in recipients and caregivers.METHODS:We performed a study of 100 patients who received gastrostomies (55% percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy, 45% radiologically inserted) at 5 centers in the United Kingdom, 100 caregivers, and 200 population controls. We used the EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D, comprising a questionnaire, index, visual analogue scale) to assess HRQoL for patients and caregivers before the gastrostomy insertion and then 3 months afterward; findings were compared with those from controls. Ten patients and 10 caregivers were also interviewed after the procedure to explore quantitative findings. Findings from the EQ-5D and semi-structured interviews were integrated using a mixed methods matrix.RESULTS:Six patients died before the 3-month HRQoL reassessments. We observed no significant longitudinal changes in mean EQ-5D index scores for patients (0.70 before vs 0.710 after; P=.83) or caregivers (0.95 before vs 0.95 after; P=.32) following gastrostomy insertion. The semi-structured interviews revealed problems in managing gastrostomy tubes, social isolation, and psychological and emotional consequences that reduced HRQoL. CONCLUSIONS:We performed a mixed methods prospective study of the effects of gastrostomy feeding on HRQoL. HRQoL did not significantly improve after gastrostomy insertion for patients or caregivers. The lack of significant decrease in HRQoL after the procedure indicates that gastrostomies may help maintain HRQoL. Findings have relevance to those involved in gastrostomy insertion decisions and indicate the importance of carefully selecting patients for this intervention, despite the relative ease of insertion.  Leggi l'articolo

Additional information