Initial Medical Treatment of Acute Pancreatitis: American Gastroenterological Association Institute Technical Review.Vege SS, DiMagno MJ, Forsmark CE, Martel M, Barkun AN. Gastroenterology. 2018 Feb 5. [Epub ahead of print]

Acute pancreatitis (AP) was the third most common gastrointestinal diagnosis in 2012, resulting in approximately 275,000 admissions and costing about $2.6 billion.1,2 It is also the most common pancreatic disease worldwide.3 The incidence is increasing, but death rates have actually decreased in recent years to <2%.1 However, ≥50% of the deaths occur within the first 2 weeks of diagnosis.4,5 The recent revised Atlanta classification6 described mild (usually interstitial), moderately severe (local complications without persistent organ failure), and severe (persistent organ failure) AP subtypes.

 

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